komenda less użycie less co to jest
Jak użyć LESS? Definicja w konsoli It was written in reaction to the perceived primitiveness of.
Znaczenie komenda less użycie less definicja.

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Komenda/polecenie: Jak użyć less

Uruchomienie, wykonanie: less [options] [filename]

Jak działa, co robi: less is a program for paging through files or other output. It was written in reaction to the perceived primitiveness of more (hence its name). Some commands may be preceded by a number

Dostępne opcje, wywołanie: -[z] num, --window=num

Set number of lines to scroll to num. Default is one screenful. A negative num sets the number to num lines less than the current number.

+[+] command

Run command on startup. If command is a number, jump to that line. The option ++ applies this command to each file in the command-line list.

-?, --help

Print help screen. Ignore all other options; do not page through file.

-a, --search-screen

When searching, begin after last line displayed. (Default is to search from second line displayed.)

-bbuffers, --buffers=buffers

Use this many buffers for each file (default is 10). Buffers are 1 KB in size.

-c, --clear-screen

Redraw screen from top, not bottom.

-d, --dumb

Suppress dumb-terminal error messages.

-e, --quit-at-eof

Automatically exit after reaching EOF twice.

-f, --force

Force opening of directories and devices; do not print warning when opening binaries.

-g, --hilite-search

Highlight only string found by past search command, not all matching strings.

-hnum, --max-back-scroll=num

Never scroll backward more than num lines at once.

-i, --ignore-case

Make searches case-insensitive, unless the search string contains uppercase letters.

-jnum, --jump-target=num

Position target line on line num of screen. Target line can be the result of a search or a jump. Count lines beginning from 1 (top line). A negative num is counted back from bottom of screen.

-kfile, --lesskey-file=file

Read file to define special key bindings.

-m, --long-prompt

Display more-like prompt, including percent of file read.

-n, --line-numbers

Do not calculate line numbers. Affects -m and -M options and = and v commands (disables passing of line number to editor).

-ofile, --log-file=file

When input is from a pipe, copy output to file as well as to screen. (Prompt for overwrite authority if file exists.)

-ppattern, --pattern=pattern

At startup, search for first occurrence of pattern.

-q, --quiet, --silent

Disable ringing of bell on attempts to scroll past EOF or before beginning of file. Attempt to use visual bell instead.

-r, --raw-control-chars

Display "raw" control characters instead of using ^x notation. This sometimes leads to display problems, which might be fixed by using -R instead.

-s, --squeeze-blank-lines

Print successive blank lines as one line.

-ttag, --tag=tag

Edit file containing tag. Consult ./tags (constructed by ctags).

-u, --underline-special

Treat backspaces and carriage returns as printable input.

-w, --hilite-unread

Show the line to which a movement command has skipped, phrases displayed by a search command, or the first unread line during a normal scroll by highlighting text in reverse video.

-x n, --tabs=n

Set tab stops to every n characters. Default is 8.

-y n, --max-forw-scroll=n

Never scroll forward more than n lines at once.

-B, --auto-buffers

Do not automatically allocate buffers for data read from a pipe. If -b specifies a number of buffers, allocate that many. If necessary, allow information from previous screens to be lost.

-C, --CLEAR-SCREEN

Redraw screen by clearing it and then redrawing from top.

-E, --QUIT-AT-EOF

Automatically exit after reaching EOF once.

-F, --quit-if-one-screen

Exit without displaying anything if first file can fit on a single screen.

-G, --HILITE-SEARCH

Never highlight matching search strings.

-I, --IGNORE-CASE

Make searches case-insensitive, even when the search string contains uppercase letters.

-J, --status-column

Used with -w or -W, highlight a single column on the left edge of the screen instead of the whole text of an unread line.

-K charset

Use the specified charset.

-M

Prompt more verbosely than with -m, including percentage, line number, and total lines.

-N, --LINE-NUMBERS

Print line number before each line.

-O file, --LOG-FILE=file

Similar to -o, but do not prompt when overwriting file.

-P[mM=] prompt

Set the prompt displayed by less at the bottom of each screen to prompt. The m sets the prompt invoked by the -m option, the M sets the prompt invoked by the -M option, and the = sets the prompt invoked by the = command. Special characters (described in the manpage for less), can be used to print statistics and other information in these prompts.

-Q, --QUIET, --SILENT

Never ring terminal bell.

-R, --RAW-CONTROL-CHARS

Like r, but adjust screen to account for presence of control characters.

-S, --chop-long-lines

Cut, do not fold, long lines.

-T file, --tag-file=file

With the -t option or :t command, read file instead of ./tags.

-U, --UNDERLINE-SPECIAL

Treat backspaces and carriage returns as control characters.

-V, --version

Display version and exit.

-W, --HILITE-UNREAD

Show phrases displayed by a search command, or the first unread line of any forward movement that is more than one line, by highlighting text in reverse video.

-X, --no-init

Do not send initialization and deinitialization strings from termcap to terminal.

Użycie LESS zastosowanie komendy na linii poleceńw Słownik L .